Asymptotic dynamics for the small data weakly dispersive one-dimensional Hamiltonian ABCD system

Chulkwang Kwak, Claudio Munoz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Scopus citations

Abstract

Consider the Hamiltonian abcd system in one dimension, with data posed in the energy space H1 × H1. This model, introduced by Bona, Chen, and Saut, is a well-known physical generalization of the classical Boussinesq equations. The Hamiltonian case corresponds to the regime where a, c < 0 and b = d > 0. Under this regime, small solutions in the energy space are globally defined. A first proof of decay for this 2 × 2 system was given in [J. Math. Pure Appl. (9) 127 (2019), 121–159] in a strongly dispersive regime, i.e., under essentially the conditions 2 1 b = d > 9 , a, c < – 18 . Additionally, decay was obtained inside a proper subset of the light cone (–|t|, |t|). In this paper, we improve [J. Math. Pure Appl. (9) 127 (2019), 121–159] in three directions. First, we enlarge the set of parameters (a, b, c, d) for which decay to zero is the only available option, considering now the so-called weakly dispersive regime a, c ∼ 0: we prove decay if now 1 b = d > 16 3 , a, c < – 48 . This result is sharp in the case where a = c, since for a, c bigger, some abcd linear waves of nonzero frequency do have zero group velocity. Second, we sharply enlarge the interval of decay to consider the whole light cone, that is to say, any interval of the form |x| ∼ |v|t for any |v| < 1. This result rules out, among other things, the existence of nonzero speed solitary waves in the regime where decay is present. Finally, we prove decay to zero of small abcd solutions in exterior regions |x| |t|, also discarding super-luminical small solitary waves. These three results are obtained by performing new improved virial estimates for which better decay properties are deduced.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1043-1107
Number of pages65
JournalTransactions of the American Mathematical Society
Volume373
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - 2020

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