Associations between dietary intake and urinary bisphenol A and phthalates levels in Korean women of reproductive age

Ara Jo, Hyesook Kim, Hyewon Chung, Namsoo Chang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

14 Scopus citations

Abstract

Human exposure to Bisphenol A (BPA) and phthalates is a growing concern due to their association with harmful effects on human health, including a variety of disorders of the female reproductive system. The objective of this study was to investigate the association between food intake and urinary BPA and phthalates in Korean women of reproductive age. A cross-sectional study was conducted with 305 reproductive aged (30–49 years) females in Korea. Dietary intake was assessed using 24 h dietary recall, and urinary BPA and particular phthalates were measured using high performance liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry. After adjusting for covariates, beverage intake was positively associated with urinary BPA, and egg and egg product intake was negatively associated with urinary mono-n-butyl phthalate (MnBP) as well as mono (2-ethyl-5-oxohexyl) phthalate (MEOHP). Odds ratio for high BPA level (≥90th percentile) in women with >100 g of beverage consumption was significantly higher than for those who consumed ≤100 g. These results suggest that, in Korean women of reproductive age, some foods such as beverages and egg may be associated with body burdens of BPA, MnBP, MEHHP and MEOHP.

Original languageEnglish
Article number680
JournalInternational Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Volume13
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - 5 Jul 2016

Keywords

  • Beverage
  • Bisphenol A
  • Dietary intake
  • Egg
  • Phthalates
  • Reproductive aged women

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