Association of typical atrial flutter and cavotricuspid isthmus ablation on clinical recurrence after cryoballoon ablation for atrial fibrillation

Joo Hee Jeong, Hyoung Seok Lee, Yun Young Choi, Yun Gi Kim, Jong Il Choi, Young Hoon Kim, Hong Euy Lim, Il Young Oh, Myung Jin Cha, So Ryoung Lee, Ju Youn Kim, Chang Hee Kwon, Sung Ho Lee, Junbeom Park, Ki Hun Kim, Pil Sung Yang, Jun Hyung Kim, Jaemin Shim

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Typical atrial flutter commonly occurs in patients with atrial fibrillation (AF). Limited information exists regarding the effects of concurrent atrial flutter on the long-term outcomes of rhythm control. This study investigated the association between concurrent typical atrial flutter and cavotricuspid isthmus (CTI) ablation and the recurrence of atrial arrhythmia. The data were obtained from a multicenter registry of cryoballoon ablation for AF (n = 2,689). Patients who were screened for typical atrial flutter were included in the analysis (n = 1,907). All the patients with typical atrial flutter underwent CTI ablation. The primary endpoint was the late recurrence of atrial arrhythmia, including AF, atrial flutter, and atrial tachycardia. Among the 1,907 patients, typical atrial flutter was detected in 493 patients (25.9%). Patients with concurrent atrial flutter had a lower incidence of persistent AF and a smaller size of the left atrium. Patients with atrial flutter had a significantly lower recurrence rate of atrial arrhythmia (19.7% vs. 29.9%, p < 0.001). In patients with atrial flutter, the recurrence rate of atrial tachycardia or atrial flutter was more frequent (7.3% vs. 4.7%, p = 0.028), but the recurrence rate of AF was significantly lower (17.0% vs. 29.4%, p < 0.001). Atrial flutter has been identified as an independent predictor of the primary endpoint (adjusted hazard ratio, 0.704; 95% confidence interval, 0.548–0.906; p = 0.006). Typical atrial flutter in patients with AF may serve as a positive marker of the recurrence of atrial arrhythmia, and performing CTI ablation in this population is associated with a reduced likelihood of AF recurrence. Performing routine screening and ablation procedures for coexisting atrial flutter may improve the clinical outcomes of AF.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1303635
JournalFrontiers in Cardiovascular Medicine
StatePublished - 2023

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
2023 Jeong, Lee, Choi, Kim, Choi, Kim, Lim, Oh, Cha, Lee, Kim, Kwon, Lee, Park, Kim, Yang, Kim and Shim.


  • atrial fibrillation
  • atrial flutter
  • cavotricuspid isthmus
  • cryoballoon ablation
  • radiofrequency ablation


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