Association of Plasma Carotenoid and Malondialdehyde Levels with Physical Performance in Korean Adolescents

Heeyeon Joo, Jiyoung Hwang, Ji Yeon Kim, Saejong Park, Hyesook Kim, Oran Kwon

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1 Scopus citations


Increased oxidative stress has been shown to lead to muscle damage and reduced physical performance. The antioxidant mechanism is most likely to reduce these relationships, but in the context of the action of carotenoids, more research is needed. This study aimed to investigate whether carotenoids modify the association between plasma malondialdehyde (MDA) and physical performance in Korean adolescents. The study sample consisted of 381 adolescents (164 boys, 217 girls) aged 13–18, who participated in the 2018 National Fitness Award Project. We quantified α-carotene, β-carotene, β-cryptoxanthin, lutein, zeaxanthin, lycopene, and MDA levels in plasma using HPLC with photodiode array detection. Among boys but not girls, plasma MDA level was negatively associated (β = −0.279, p = 0.0030) with total plasma carotenoid levels and marginally negatively associated (β = −0.907, p = 0.0876) with absolute hand grip strength. After adjustment for covariates in boys, the MDA level was negatively associated with absolute hand grip strength and relative hand grip strength; this association was observed only in groups with individual carotenoid and total carotenoid values below the median. These findings support a significant association between plasma MDA level and hand grip strength, and this association has been potentially modified by plasma levels of carotenoids in Korean male adolescents.

Original languageEnglish
Article number4296
JournalInternational Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Issue number7
StatePublished - 1 Apr 2022

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
Funding: This research was funded by the Bio-Synergy Research Project of the Ministry of Science and ICT through the National Research Foundation, grant number NRF-2012M3A9C4048761.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2022 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland.


  • adolescent
  • antioxidant
  • carotenoid
  • effect modifier
  • malondialdehyde (MDA)
  • physical performance


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