Association of mortality with drug-coated devices in femoropopliteal artery based on the nationwide data

Hyunsook Choi, Haine Lee, Sang Soo Lee, Jeonghoon Ahn, Jin Hyun Joh, Moo Yeol Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

Purpose: Drug-coated devices have been widely accepted as one of the most promising therapies for femoropopliteal artery revascularization. A recent meta-analysis showed increased mortality in patients treated with drug-coated devices. We sought to examine the association between mortality and drug-coated devices after the treatment of the femoropopliteal artery based on the Korea national administrative claims data. Methods: In the National Health Insurance Service database from August 2015 to December 2017, we identified patients with femoropopliteal artery revascularization using percutaneous transluminal angioplasty (PTA), bare metal stents (BMS), drug-coated balloon (DCB), or drug-eluting stents (DES). Kaplan-Meier methods were used to estimate the survival among devices, and log-rank tests were used to evaluate differences between groups. Adjusted hazard ratios (aHRs) were computed using the inverse probability of treatment weightings (IPTW). Results: There were 1,724 patients (mean age, 70.9 ± 10.7 years; male, 1,350 [78.3%]) included in the analysis. The median follow-up period was 552 days (interquartile range, 404-688 days). There was a difference in IPTW-adjusted mortality risk among device types (26.3% in PTA, 22.1% in BMS, 17.7% in DCB, and 17.8% in DES; P = 0.004). IPTW-adjusted Cox proportional hazard analysis showed that drug-coated devices were associated with decreased all-cause mortality risk (aHR, 0.70; 95% confidence interval, 0.58-0.86). Conclusion: Our real-world analysis showed that there was no evidence of increased all-cause mortality after femoropopliteal artery revascularization with drug-coated devices compared with non-drug-coated devices.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)20-27
Number of pages8
JournalAnnals of Surgical Treatment and Research
Volume101
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 2021

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2021, the Korean Surgical Society

Keywords

  • Angioplasty
  • Mortality
  • Paclitaxel
  • Peripheral arterial occlusive disease
  • Stents

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