Association of coffee consumption with health-related quality of life and metabolic syndrome in Korean adults: Based on 2013~2016 Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey

Hyesook Kim, Yu Jin Kim, Yeni Lim, Oran Kwon

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations

Abstract

Purpose: This study examined the association of the type and frequency of coffee consumption with the health-related quality of life and metabolic bio-markers in adult men and women from the 2013 ~ 2016 Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES). Methods: A total of 11,201 subjects (4,483 men and 6,718 women) were classified according to the type of coffee consumption (non-coffee, black coffee, 3-in-1 coffee) and type and frequency of coffee consumption (non-coffee, ≤ 2 times/day of black coffee, > 2 times/day of black coffee, ≤ 2 times/day of 3-in-1 coffee, > 2 times/day of 3-in-1 coffee) using food frequency questionnaires. Dietary nutrient intake data were assessed using food frequency questionnaires. The health-related quality of life was measured using the EuroQol-5 dimension (EQ-5D) and EQ-5D index score. Data on metabolic bio-markers were obtained from a health examination. Results: Among men and women, the proportion of subjects with an energy intake below the estimated energy requirement (EER) was lower among the 3-in-1 coffee consumption group, and the proportion of subjects with iron intakes below the estimated average requirements (EAR) was lower among the 3-in-1 coffee consumption group. Women (OR: 0.810, 95% CI: 0.657 ~ 0.998) with the ≤ 2 times/day of 3-in-1 coffee had a lower risk of impaired health-related quality of life (lowest 20% level in the EQ-5D score) compared to the non-coffee consumers after a multivariable adjustment. In both men and women, the type and frequency of coffee consumption was not associated with metabolic bio-markers risk after multivariable adjustment. Conclusion: These results suggest that 3-in-1 coffee consumption may be associated with a lower risk of impaired health-related quality of life and may not be associated with the metabolic bio-markers risk in adult men and women.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)538-555
Number of pages18
JournalJournal of Nutrition and Health
Volume51
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - 2018

Keywords

  • 3-in 1 coffee
  • Black coffee
  • Consumption
  • Health-related quality of life
  • Metabolic syndrome

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