Association of changes in mood status and psychosocial well-being with depression during interferon-based treatment for hepatitis C

Jung Seok Choi, Won Kim, Bo Kyung Sohn, Jun Young Lee, Hee Yeon Jung, Sohee Oh, Sae Kyoung Joo, Hwi Young Kim, Yong Jin Jung

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective The aims of this prospective study were to investigate temporal changes in mood status and distress level, as well as the development of depression, during pegylated interferon (PEG-IFN)-based treatment of patients with chronic hepatitis C (CHC). We also explored whether baseline demographic, psychiatric, and personality traits predicted the evolution of depression. Methods CHC patients without depression were screened with laboratory tests; psychiatric interviews; and evaluations of mood symptoms, level of distress, and personality traits. A total of 67 treatment-naïve patients with CHC were consecutively treated with PEG-IFN-α-2a plus ribavirin for 48 (genotype 1, n=29) or 24 (genotype 2, n=38) weeks. Patients were followed prospectively every 4 weeks during the treatment period. Results Seven patients (10.4%) were diagnosed with major depressive disorder (MDD), and eight (11.9%) developed subsyndromal depression. Times to onset of MDD and subsyndromal depression were 6.67±5.01 and 11.11±5.58 weeks, respectively, after initiation of treatment. Patients who developed MDD had significantly increased fatigue and anxiety and poor psychological well-being during the course of treatment. Pretreatment subthreshold mood symptoms were a significant predictor of depression. Conclusion An early psychiatric assessment may be helpful in improving psychological well-being in those with CHC, leading to adherence to PEG-IFN-based treatment.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)314-324
Number of pages11
JournalPsychiatry Investigation
Volume14
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - 2017

Keywords

  • Depression
  • Distress
  • Hepatitis C
  • Interferon
  • Psychosocial well-being

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