Association Between Subjective-Objective Discrepancy of Sleeping Time and Health-Related Quality of Life: A Community-Based Polysomnographic Study

Seo Eun Cho, Jae Myeong Kang, Kwang Pil Ko, Weon Jeong Lim, Susan Redline, John W. Winkelman, Seung Gul Kang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations


Objective This study aimed to investigate the existence of a difference in quality of life (QOL) between individuals with and without significant subjective-objective discrepancy (SOD) in total sleep time (TST). Methods From the Sleep Heart Health Study 2, 2540 individuals who had completed polysomnography, a morning sleep survey, and the 36-item Short-Form Health Survey (SF-36) were included in the analyses. The participants were classified as normoestimators (estimation of TST <±60 minutes), underestimators (underestimation of TST ≥60 minutes), or overestimators (overestimation of TST ≥60 minutes). The standardized SF-36 QOL scores were compared among the three groups. An adjusted partial correlation analysis was conducted between SOD and QOL. Results Of the 2540 participants, 1617 (63.7%), 433 (17.0%), and 490 (19.3%) were assigned to the normoestimator, underestimator, and overestimator groups, respectively. The bodily pain and social functioning components of the SF-36 score were significantly lower in the underestimators than in the normoestimators, whereas the physical functioning component was significantly lower in the overestimators than in the normoestimators. The absolute value of SOD in the TST showed a significant negative correlation with the physical and mental components of the SF-36. Conclusions QOL was significantly better in the normoestimator than in the other groups and linearly correlated with the absolute value of SOD. This study suggests that a high prevalence of positive and negative sleep misperception in a community population can be a potential factor associated with poor QOL and potential comorbidities.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)505-512
Number of pages8
JournalPsychosomatic Medicine
Issue number4
StatePublished - 1 May 2022

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.


  • AHI = apnea-hypopnea index
  • DM = diabetes mellitus
  • Key words/Abbreviations
  • OSA = obstructive sleep apnea
  • PSG = polysomnography
  • QOL = quality of life
  • SF-36
  • SHHS = Sleep Heart Health Study
  • SOD = subjective-objective discrepancy
  • SODS = subjective-objective discrepancy in sleep
  • SSM = sleep state misperception
  • Sleep Heart Health Study
  • TST = total sleep time
  • polysomnography
  • quality of life
  • subjective-objective discrepancy
  • total sleep time


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