Background Short sleep duration has been reported to be inversely associated with risk of obesity. Methods The effects of sleep duration on obesity-related variables and the interaction of sleep duration and dietary macronutrients consumption on risk of obesity were analysed in 14,111 subjects aged 20–79 from the Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. Results Sleep restriction to less than 7 h per day resulted in higher body mass index, plasma triglyceride level, and obesity prevalence for women, but not for men. Protein intake was significantly lower in subjects with lower sleep duration for both men and women. The subjects with short sleep duration were significantly higher fat consumption for men, whereas carbohydrate consumption for women. Among subjects whose carbohydrate consumption was above the median, subjects with sleep duration of less than 7 h per day increased their odds of being obese (OR = 1.255, 95% CI: 1.073–1.476, P < 0.001) compared to subjects with sleep duration more than 7 h per day for women. Conclusions Our results showed that sleep duration positively correlated with protein consumption, but negatively correlated with carbohydrate consumption, which might lead to high risk of obesity for women. Also, our findings support a significant association between sleep duration and obesity-related variables and this association has been potentially modified by dietary macronutrients consumption in women subjects.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This work was supported by the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF) and the Center for women In Science, Engineering and Technology (WISET) Grant funded by the Ministry of Science, ICT & Future Planning of Korea (MSIP) under the Program for Returners into R&D. The authors’ responsibilities were as follows: YK and MD: study concept and design MD: data statistical analysis, interpretation and draft of the manuscript YK: review of the manuscript. All authors read and approved the final version of the manuscript.
© 2015 Asia Oceania Association for the Study of Obesity
- Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey
- Sleep duration