Association between dietary carotenoid intake and bone mineral density in Korean adults aged 30–75 years using data from the fourth and fifth korean national health and nutrition examination surveys (2008–2011)

Gebereamanuel Meron Regu, Hyesook Kim, You Jin Kim, Ju Eun Paek, Gunjeong Lee, Namsoo Chang, Oran Kwon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

23 Scopus citations

Abstract

Age-related bone loss is a major public health problem. This cross-sectional study examined the association between the dietary intake of carotenoids and bone mineral density (BMD). Data from 8022 subjects (3763 males and 4259 females) aged 30–75 years included in the Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (2008–2011) were analyzed. BMD was measured by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry. Intake of carotenoids was estimated using 24-h dietary recall. In multiple linear analysis, after adjusting for covariates, lutein + zeaxanthin and β-cryptoxanthin intake was positively associated with total hip BMD in males and premenopausal women respectively, while β-carotene intake was positively correlated with femoral neck, total hip, and whole-body BMD in postmenopausal women. Postmenopausal women in the highest quintile of daily β-carotene intake, showed a lower risk of osteopenia at the lumbar spine (odds ratio (OR): 0.35, 95% CI: 0.16–0.79, P for trend = 0.009) than those in the lowest quintile, after adjusting for covariates. Daily β-cryptoxanthin intake was significantly associated with a lower risk of osteopenia at the total hip (OR per 1 mg/day increase: 0.76; 95% CI: 0.59–0.97), and lumbar spine (OR per 1 mg/day increase: 0.79; 95% CI: 0.70–0.89) in postmenopausal women. These results suggest that the dietary intake of β-carotene and β-cryptoxanthin may have a positive effect on bone health.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1025
JournalNutrients
Volume9
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - 16 Sep 2017

Keywords

  • Bone mineral density
  • Postmenopausal female
  • β-carotene
  • β-cryptoxanthin

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Association between dietary carotenoid intake and bone mineral density in Korean adults aged 30–75 years using data from the fourth and fifth korean national health and nutrition examination surveys (2008–2011)'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this