Association between cadmium and anti-Mullerian hormone in premenopausal women at particular ages

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

19 Scopus citations


Background: Anti-Mullerian hormone (AMH) in women is secreted by granulosa cells of antral follicles. AMH appears to be a very stable marker for ovarian function. It may be used to diagnosis cases of premature ovarian failure, polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS), and ovarian tumors. It has been suggested that cadmium exposure can reduce female fecundity. The purpose of this study was to investigate whether environmental exposure to cadmium was associated with alterations in AMH with regards to age. Methods: In a cross-sectional study, the data of premenopausal women living in Seoul, ranging from 30 to 45 of age was collected. The study included a total of 283 women who completed serum AMH and whole blood cadmium assessments. Linear regression analyses were used in order to examine the association between cadmium and AMH. Given that age was the strongest confounder in both cadmium and AMH concentrations, we stratified subjects by 5 years old and analyzed their data. Results: Geometric mean concentrations of blood cadmium and AMH were 0.97 μg/L and 3.02 ng/ml, respectively. Total association between cadmium and AMH was statistically significant (adjusted coefficient = - 0.34 (0.15), p = 0.02). After stratification, the only age group with a negative association between cadmium and AMH were the women raging between 30 and 35 years (adjusted coefficient = - 0.43 (0.18), p = 0.01). Conclusions: The results of this study suggest that environmental exposure to cadmium may alter the AMH level of premenopausal women, depending on their age group.

Original languageEnglish
Article number44
JournalAnnals of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
Issue number1
StatePublished - 9 Jul 2018

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2018 The Author(s).


  • Ages
  • Anti-Mullerian hormone
  • Cadmium
  • Premenopausal women


Dive into the research topics of 'Association between cadmium and anti-Mullerian hormone in premenopausal women at particular ages'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this