Assessment and improvement of global gridded sea surface temperature datasets in the yellow sea using in situ ocean buoy and research vessel observations

Kyungman Kwon, Byoung Ju Choi, Sung Dae Kim, Sang Ho Lee, Kyung Ae Park

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

The sea surface temperature (SST) is essential data for the ocean and atmospheric prediction systems and climate change studies. Five global gridded sea surface temperature products were evaluated with independent in situ SST data of the Yellow Sea (YS) from 2010 to 2013 and the sources of SST error were identified. On average, SST from the gridded optimally interpolated level 4 (L4) datasets had a root mean square difference (RMSD) of less than 1 °C compared to the in situ observation data of the YS. However, the RMSD was relatively high (2.3 °C) in the shallow coastal region in June and July and this RMSD was mostly attributed to the large warm bias (>2 °C). The level 3 (L3) SST data were frequently missing in early summer because of frequent sea fog formation and a strong (>1.2 °C/12 km) spatial temperature gradient across the tidal mixing front in the eastern YS. The missing data were optimally interpolated from the SST observation in offhore warm water and warm biased SST climatology in the region. To fundamentally improve the accuracy of the L4 gridded SST data, it is necessary to increase the number of SST observation data in the tidally well mixed region. As an interim solution to the warm bias in the gridded SST datasets in the eastern YS, the SST climatology for the optimal interpolation can be improved based on long-term in situ observation data. To reduce the warm bias in the gridded SST products, two bias correction methods were suggested and compared. Bias correction methods using a simple analytical function and using climatological observation data reduced the RMSD by 19-29% and 37-49%, respectively, in June.

Original languageEnglish
Article number759
JournalRemote Sensing
Volume12
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Mar 2020

Keywords

  • Bias correction
  • Evaluation
  • Global gridded dataset
  • Sea surface temperature
  • Validation
  • Yellow Sea

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