Assessing Spatial Skills/Thinking in Geography

Jongwon Lee, Injeong Jo

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterpeer-review

5 Scopus citations


The acquisition of spatial skills/thinking is essential for both everyday functioning and academic purposes; therefore, valid and reliable assessment of this capability is an important task. However, to date, there have been few assessment instruments developed for spatial skills/thinking, and measures and approaches vary across disciplines and from study to study. The goal of this chapter is to review and synthesize peer-reviewed articles on the measurement/assessment of spatial skills/thinking. A search informed by systematic literature review protocols was conducted using Web of Science and Google Scholar as well as a manual search of well-known journals. A total of 19 papers were selected for full review with four broad trends in research identified: (1) measuring spatial skills/thinking on a small scale without any specific context, (2) measuring spatial skills/thinking on an environmental scale in everyday life contexts, (3) measuring spatial skills/thinking on a geographic scale in geoscience contexts, and (4) spatial skills/thinking self-assessments in everyday life contexts. This review broadens the understanding of spatial skills/thinking assessment across disciplines and provides directions for future research.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationKey Challenges in Geography
PublisherSpringer International Publishing
Number of pages21
StatePublished - 2022

Publication series

NameKey Challenges in Geography
VolumePart F2246
ISSN (Print)2522-8420
ISSN (Electronic)2522-8439

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© The Author(s), under exclusive license to Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2022.


  • Assessment instruments
  • Scale
  • Spatial skills
  • Spatial thinking


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