Photochlorination of aromatic substrates by hydrogen chloride with 2,3-dichloro-5,6-cyano-p-benzoquinone (DDQ) occurs efficiently to produce the corresponding monochlorinated products selectively under visible-light irradiation. The yields for the chlorination of phenol were 70 % and 18 % for p- and o-chlorophenol, respectively, without formation of further chlorinated products. The photoinduced chlorination is initiated by electron transfer from Cl- to the triplet excited state of DDQ. The radical intermediates involved in the photochemical reaction have been detected by time-resolved transient absorption measurements.
- laser flash photolysis
- photoinduced electron transfer