Aptamer-coded DNA nanoparticles for targeted doxorubicin delivery using pH-sensitive spacer

Pengwei Zhang, Junxiao Ye, Ergang Liu, Lu Sun, Jiacheng Zhang, Seung Jin Lee, Junbo Gong, Huining He, Victor C. Yang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

22 Scopus citations

Abstract

An anticancer drug delivery system consisting of DNA nanoparticles synthesized by rolling circle amplification (RCA) was developed for prostate cancer membrane antigen (PSMA) targeted cancer therapy. The template of RCA was a DNA oligodeoxynucleotide coded with PSMA-targeted aptamer, drug-loading domain, primer binding site and pH-sensitive spacer. Anticancer drug doxorubicin, as the model drug, was loaded into the drug-loading domain (multiple GC-pair sequences) of the DNA nanoparticles by intercalation. Due to the integrated pH-sensitive spacers in the nanoparticles, in an acidic environment, the cumulative release of doxorubicin was far more than the cumulative release of the drug in the normal physiological environment. In cell uptake experiments, treated with doxorubicin loaded DNA nanoparticles, PSMA-positive C4-2 cells could take up more doxorubicin than PSMA-null PC-3 cells. The prepared DNA nanoparticles showed the potential as drug delivery system for PSMA targeting prostate cancer therapy. [Figure not available: see fulltext.].

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)529-536
Number of pages8
JournalFrontiers of Chemical Science and Engineering
Volume11
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Dec 2017

Keywords

  • aptamer
  • DNA nanoparticles
  • doxorubicin
  • drug delivery
  • pH sensitive
  • rolling circle amplification

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