Antioxidant activities of ethanolic and acidic ethanolic extracts of astringent persimmon in H2O2-stimulated Caco-2 human colonic epithelial cells

Leeseon Kim, Yunyoung Kim, Oran Kwon, Ji Yeon Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Scopus citations

Abstract

The aim of this study was to investigate the protective effects of ethanol (EAP) and acidic ethanol extracts (AEAP) of astringent persimmon fruits (Diospyros kaki) against hydrogen peroxide (H2O2)-induced oxidative stress in Caco-2 epithelial cells. Levels of reactive oxygen species (ROS) and reduced glutathione (GSH), activities of superoxide dismutase (SOD) and catalase (CAT), as well as protein and DNA damage were measured. Treatment with H2O2 induced oxidative stress in Caco-2 cells but had no effect on SOD activity. Both EAP and AEAP protected the cells against oxidative damage and exhibited similar effects on cellular ROS scavenging activity and protein carbonyl levels. However, AEAP was more potent than EAP in normalizing CAT activity and cytosolic GSH level, and in protecting against DNA damage. These results demonstrated that astringent persimmon fruit extracts were biologically active, and that the tannin-rich fraction (AEAP) possesses stronger protective activity against H2O2-induced oxidative stress in Caco-2 cells.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1085-1091
Number of pages7
JournalFood Science and Biotechnology
Volume26
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Aug 2017

Keywords

  • Antioxidant
  • Astringent persimmon
  • Caco-2 cells
  • Hydrogen peroxide
  • Tannin

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