Anatomical and radiological study of the superior and inferior gluteal arteries in the gluteus maximus muscle for musculocutaneous flap in Koreans

W. C. Song, S. M. Bae, S. H. Han, K. S. Koh

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

15 Scopus citations

Abstract

The position, distribution pattern, and perforating branch of the superior gluteal artery (SGA) and the inferior gluteal artery (IGA) in the gluteus maximus muscle (GMM) were investigated through fine dissection and the radiological method. The SGA was located at about the upper one-third of the posterior superior iliac spine (PSIS)-greater trochanter of the femur (GT) line and medially at about 1 cm from the line. The IGA was located at around the middle point of the PSIS-ischial tuberosity (IT) line. The perforating branches passed through the muscle to the subcutaneous tissue and were distributed to the GMM that divided the upper and lower parts; the SGA supplied to the upper two-fifths of the GMM; and the IGA supplied to the rest of the muscle. The course of the SGA and the IGA in the GMM were classified into four types according to their distribution patterns, and the most common type was the typical type whereby the IGA supplied an area larger than the SGA. These results were somewhat different from previous studies, but these differences must be considered for a safe and effective flap procedure.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)935-941
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Plastic, Reconstructive and Aesthetic Surgery
Volume59
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 2006

Keywords

  • Gluteus maximus muscle
  • Inferior gluteal artery
  • Musculocutaneous flap
  • Superior gluteal artery

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