An unconventional route to high-efficiency dye-sensitized solar cells via embedding graphitic thin films into TiO 2 nanoparticle photoanode

Yoon Hee Jang, Xukai Xin, Myunghwan Byun, Yu Jin Jang, Zhiqun Lin, Dong Ha Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

148 Scopus citations

Abstract

Graphitic thin films embedded with highly dispersed titanium dioxide (TiO 2) nanoparticles were incorporated for the first time into the conventional dye-sensitized solar cells (DSSCs), resulting in a remarkably improved cell efficiency due to its superior electron conductivity. Massively ordered arrays of TiO 2 dots embedded in carbon matrix were fabricated via UV-stabilization of polystyrene-block-poly(4-vinylpyridine) films containing TiO 2 precursors followed by direct carbonization. For dye-sensitized TiO 2 based solar cells containing carbon/TiO 2 thin layers at both sides of pristine TiO 2 layer, an increase of 40.6% in overall power conversion efficiency was achieved compared with neat TiO 2-based DSSCs. Such a remarkably improved cell efficiency was ascribed to the superior electron conductivity and extended electron lifetime elucidated by cyclic voltammetry and impedance spectroscopy.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)479-485
Number of pages7
JournalNano Letters
Volume12
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 11 Jan 2012

Keywords

  • block copolymer template
  • Carbon/TiO thin film
  • direct carbonization
  • dye-sensitized solar cells

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