An integrated clinical and genomic information system for cancer precision medicine

Yeongjun Jang, Taekjin Choi, Jongho Kim, Jisub Park, Jihae Seo, Sangok Kim, Yeajee Kwon, Seungjae Lee, Sanghyuk Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: Increasing affordability of next-generation sequencing (NGS) has created an opportunity for realizing genomically-informed personalized cancer therapy as a path to precision oncology. However, the complex nature of genomic information presents a huge challenge for clinicians in interpreting the patient's genomic alterations and selecting the optimum approved or investigational therapy. An elaborate and practical information system is urgently needed to support clinical decision as well as to test clinical hypotheses quickly. Results: Here, we present an integrated clinical and genomic information system (CGIS) based on NGS data analyses. Major components include modules for handling clinical data, NGS data processing, variant annotation and prioritization, drug-target-pathway analysis, and population cohort explorer. We built a comprehensive knowledgebase of genes, variants, drugs by collecting annotated information from public and in-house resources. Structured reports for molecular pathology are generated using standardized terminology in order to help clinicians interpret genomic variants and utilize them for targeted cancer therapy. We also implemented many features useful for testing hypotheses to develop prognostic markers from mutation and gene expression data. Conclusions: Our CGIS software is an attempt to provide useful information for both clinicians and scientists who want to explore genomic information for precision oncology.

Original languageEnglish
Article number34
JournalBMC Medical Genomics
Volume11
DOIs
StatePublished - 20 Apr 2018

Keywords

  • Cancer
  • Genomic medicine
  • Information system
  • Oncology
  • Personalized medicine
  • Precision medicine
  • Targeted therapy

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