An ecological approach to understanding peer victimization in South Korea

Jun Sung Hong, Mary Keegan Eamon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

25 Scopus citations


This article analyzes the common and serious problem of peer victimization in South Korean (hereafter referred to as Korean) schools using Bronfenbrenner's ecological model. We conceptualize peer victimization within Korean culture, then identify and examine risk factors that operate simultaneously within and between five system levels: the micro-, meso-, exo-, macro-, and chrono-systems. Theories that explain relationships between the risk factors and peer victimization also are discussed. Finally, we draw implications from our ecological analysis for assessing, preventing, and treating peer victimization in Korean schools.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)611-625
Number of pages15
JournalJournal of Human Behavior in the Social Environment
Issue number5
StatePublished - 2009


  • Aggression
  • Bullying
  • Children
  • Ecological framework
  • Korea
  • Peer victimization


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