The purpose of this study was to investigate the safety zone without any neurovascular injury to the medial compartment of hip joint through an anatomical method and describe the relationship of the extra-articular anatomic structures from the surface of the hip joint. Thirty-two fresh specimens from 17 adult Korean cadavers (8 males and 9 females, age range 54–79 years at death) were used for this study. For the measurements, the most superolateral point of the pubic symphysis (PS) and prominent point of the anterior superior iliac spine (ASIS) were identified before dissection. The line connecting the PS and ASIS was defined as a reference line and the PS was a starting point for measurements. All 19 variables measured in this study were related to the femoral head, neck, and surrounding neurovascular structures. The variables were measured according to the x- and y-coordinates in relation to the reference line. The femoral head was generally located 39.5–71.0 mm on the x-coordinate and located 33.5–34.6 mm on the y-coordinate. The junction of the femoral neck and body was located at 52.8 mm on the x-coordinate, and 65.3 mm on the y-coordinate. The junction of the femoral head and neck was located at 47.1 mm on the x-coordinate, and 51.4 mm on the y-coordinate. The location of the medial compartment of the hip joint was located from 38.0 to 43.0 % on the x-coordinate and located from 5.1 to 6.5 cm. These results of this study provide detailed anatomy for arthroscopic hip surgeons.
Bibliographical notePublisher Copyright:
© 2015, Springer-Verlag France.
- Hip arthroscopy
- Medial compartment
- Safety zone