Alterations in Brain Morphometric Networks and Their Relationship with Memory Dysfunction in Patients with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus

Rye Young Kim, Yoonji Joo, Eunji Ha, Haejin Hong, Chaewon Suh, Youngeun Shim, Hyeonji Lee, Yejin Kim, Jae Hyoung Cho, Sujung Yoon, In Kyoon Lyoo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Cognitive dysfunction, a significant complication of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM), can potentially manifest even from the early stages of the disease. Despite evidence of global brain atrophy and related cognitive dysfunction in early-stage T2DM patients, specific regions vulnerable to these changes have not yet been identified. The study enrolled patients with T2DM of less than five years’ duration and without chronic complications (T2DM group, n=100) and demographically similar healthy controls (control group, n=50). High-resolution T1-weighted magnetic resonance imaging data were subjected to independent component analysis to identify structurally significant components indicative of morphometric networks. Within these networks, the groups’ gray matter volumes were compared, and distinctions in memory performance were assessed. In the T2DM group, the relationship between changes in gray matter volume within these networks and declines in memory performance was examined. Among the identified morphometric networks, the T2DM group exhibited reduced gray matter volumes in both the precuneus (Bonferroni-corrected p=0.003) and insular-opercular (Bonferroni-corrected p=0.024) networks relative to the control group. Patients with T2DM demonstrated significantly lower memory performance than the control group (p=0.001). In the T2DM group, reductions in gray matter volume in both the precuneus (r =0.316, p=0.001) and insular-opercular (r =0.199, p=0.047) networks were correlated with diminished memory performance. Our findings indicate that structural alterations in the precuneus and insular-opercular networks, along with memory dysfunction, can manifest within the first 5 years following a diagnosis of T2DM.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)107-117
Number of pages11
JournalExperimental Neurobiology
Volume33
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - 30 Apr 2024

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© Experimental Neurobiology 2024.

Keywords

  • Cognitive dysfunction
  • Morphology
  • Neuroimaging
  • Type 2 diabetes mellitus

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