Advancing diabetes prediction with a progressive self-transfer learning framework for discrete time series data

Heeryung Lim, Gihyeon Kim, Jang Hwan Choi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Although diabetes mellitus is a complex and pervasive disease, most studies to date have focused on individual features, rather than considering the complexities of multivariate, multi-instance, and time-series data. In this study, we developed a novel diabetes prediction model that incorporates these complex data types. We applied advanced techniques of data imputation (bidirectional recurrent imputation for time series; BRITS) and feature selection (the least absolute shrinkage and selection operator; LASSO). Additionally, we utilized self-supervised algorithms and transfer learning to address the common issues with medical datasets, such as irregular data collection and sparsity. We also proposed a novel approach for discrete time-series data preprocessing, utilizing both shifting and rolling time windows and modifying time resolution. Our study evaluated the performance of a progressive self-transfer network for predicting diabetes, which demonstrated a significant improvement in metrics compared to non-progressive and single self-transfer prediction tasks, particularly in AUC, recall, and F1 score. These findings suggest that the proposed approach can mitigate accumulated errors and reflect temporal information, making it an effective tool for accurate diagnosis and disease management. In summary, our study highlights the importance of considering the complexities of multivariate, multi-instance, and time-series data in diabetes prediction.

Original languageEnglish
Article number21044
JournalScientific Reports
Volume13
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2023

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2023, The Author(s).

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Advancing diabetes prediction with a progressive self-transfer learning framework for discrete time series data'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this