Advances in the biological treatment of coal for synthetic natural gas and chemicals

Pamidimarri D.V.N. Sudheer, Yokimiko David, Cheol Gi Chae, You Jin Kim, Mary Grace Baylon, Kei Anne Baritugo, Tae Wan Kim, Min Sik Kim, Jeong Geol Na, Si Jae Park

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

21 Scopus citations

Abstract

Coal, the most primitive fossil fuel, has been exploited for ages, and reserves dictate the economies of many countries. Presently, most energy is generated by direct combustion, raising concerns over global warming. Biological pretreatment of fossil resources and generation of alternative green energy can address the environmental issues associated with global coal utilization. Biological coal treatment can produce industrially important chemicals and bio-methane by employing microorganisms able to depolymerize/degrade coal. This review discusses current advances in microbial coal conversion, such as the efforts made to comprehend microbial processes, significant outputs of coal conversion, principle components responsible for coal conversion, and factors affecting the biological processes to convert coal. Development of these biological processes can be a stepping stone for greener coal; however, integration of multidisciplinary technologies is needed to increase the efficiency of economic coal utilization and production of economically and industrially feasible biomethane.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2788-2801
Number of pages14
JournalKorean Journal of Chemical Engineering
Volume33
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Oct 2016

Keywords

  • Biological Treatment
  • Biomethane
  • Coal
  • Coal Biodegradation
  • Coal Depolymerization

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