Adolescents' financial literacy: The role of financial socialization agents, financial experiences, and money attitudes in shaping financial literacy among South Korean youth

Sang Hee Sohn, So Hyun Joo, John E. Grable, Seonglim Lee, Minjeung Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

63 Scopus citations

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to test the relationships between financial socialization agents, financial experiences, money attitudes, demographic characteristics, and the financial literacy of Korean adolescents. Using the 2006 Korean National Financial Literacy Test Survey for Adolescents (N = 1185), a series of regression analyses were performed to determine the factors related to financial literacy. It was found that those who chose media as their primary financial socialization agent, and those who had a bank account, exhibited higher levels of financial literacy. Among the sample, those who saw money as good or as a reward for efforts tended to report higher levels of financial literacy, while those perceiving money in terms of avoidance or achievement had lower levels of financial literacy. Students with mid-range monthly allowances showed higher levels of financial literacy compared to the highest allowance group. Implications for financial educators, policy makers, and researchers are provided.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)969-980
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Adolescence
Volume35
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 2012

Keywords

  • Financial education
  • Financial experiences
  • Financial literacy
  • Financial socialization agents
  • Money attitudes

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