Adipose stem cell transplantation using adhesive protein-based viscous immiscible liquid for cartilage reconstruction

Seong Woo Maeng, Ji Yun Ko, Tae Yoon Park, Jinyoung Yun, So Hyun Park, Sang Jun Han, Kye Il Joo, Seongmin Ha, Mingoo Jee, Gun Il Im, Hyung Joon Cha

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations

Abstract

Articular cartilage (AC) is the smooth tissue that covers the end of bones and absorbs external impacts. AC can be damaged by various types of impacts. Thus, damaged AC can trigger the development of osteoarthritis (OA). With the limited intrinsic healing capacity of AC, cell transplantation has been recognized as a possible means of AC reconstitution. However, transplanted stem cells disappear from the transplantation site rapidly, abrogating the original intent of cell transplantation. In the present work, a viscous immiscible liquid-phase bioadhesive using bioengineered mussel adhesion protein (MAP) was applied for prolonged retention of transplanted stem cells in defective AC and retained stem cells in situ. Through electrostatic interactions with high-molecular-weight hyaluronic acid (HA), MAP was formulated into a viscous immiscible liquid phase complex coacervate (MAP-HA) with self-encapsulation of stem cells. MAP-HA exhibited excellent rheological and adhesive properties without cytotoxicity. Through in vivo rabbit OA model evaluation, we proved that immobilizing transplanted cells and preventing dispersion into the joint cavity by MAP-HA can increase the survival of transplanted cells and enhance their therapeutic effects. Therefore, stem cell-encapsulated biocompatible MAP-HA can be used as a cell-retaining bioadhesive scaffold in effective cartilage regeneration.

Original languageEnglish
Article number142379
JournalChemical Engineering Journal
Volume463
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 May 2023

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2023 Elsevier B.V.

Keywords

  • Articular cartilage regeneration
  • Complex coacervate
  • Mussel adhesive protein
  • Stem cell transplantation

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