Adenylyl cyclase-5 activity in the nucleus accumbens regulates anxiety-related behavior

Kyoung Shim Kim, Ko Woon Lee, In Sun Baek, Chae Moon Lim, Vaishnav Krishnan, Ja Kyeong Lee, Eric J. Nestler, Pyung Lim Han

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

59 Scopus citations


Type 5 adenylyl cyclase (AC5) is highly concentrated in the dorsal striatum and nucleus accumbens (NAc), two brain areas which have been implicated in motor function, reward, and emotion. Here we demonstrate that mice lacking AC5 (AC5-/-) display strong reductions in anxiety-like behavior in several paradigms. This anxiolytic behavior in AC5-/- mice was reduced by the D 1 receptor antagonist SCH23390 and enhanced by the D1 dopamine receptor agonist, dihydrexidine (DHX). DHX-stimulated c-fos induction in AC5-/- mice was blunted in the dorso-lateral striatum, but it was overactivated in the dorso-medial striatum and NAc. The siRNA-mediated inhibition of AC5 levels within the NAc was sufficient to produce an anxiolytic-like response. Microarray and RT-PCR analyses revealed an up-regulation of prodynorphin and down-regulation of cholecystokinin (CCK) in the NAc of AC5-/- mice. Administration of nor-binaltorphimine (a kappa opioid receptor antagonist) or CCK-8s (a CCK receptor agonist) reversed the anxiolytic-like behavior exhibited by AC5-/- mutants. Taken together, these results suggest an essential role of AC5 in the NAc for maintaining normal levels of anxiety.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)105-115
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Neurochemistry
Issue number1
StatePublished - Oct 2008


  • Anxiety
  • Dopamine receptor
  • Striatum
  • Type 5 adenylyl cyclase


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