Activity-based smart AIEgens for detection, bioimaging, and therapeutics: Recent progress and outlook

Haidong Li, Heejeong Kim, Jingjing Han, Van Nghia Nguyen, Xiaojun Peng, Juyoung Yoon

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

105 Scopus citations

Abstract

Activity-based approaches for designing AIEgens possess prominent advantages including high selectivity, sensitivity, and signal-to-noise ratio, and they have received more attention in recent years. Excellent activatable AIE probes have been reported for detecting toxic substances, imaging intracellular active molecules/biomolecules, as well as monitoring the activity of overexpressed enzymes in cancers. Moreover, the majority of activatable theranostic AIEgens can be specifically triggered in cancer cells and can kill these cells under light irradiation, while they have no distinct effect on normal cells, demonstrating satisfactory therapeutic selectivity that is superior to that of traditional chemotherapy. Thus, in this review, we systematically summarized the development of activatable AIE bioprobes in recent years from molecular design principles to biological applications. The challenges of activatable AIE probes and the corresponding solutions are described. We hope that the information provided in this review will facilitate the design of more activatable AIE probes to promote practical application of corresponding AIEgens.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere51
JournalAggregate
Volume2
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 2021

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2021 The Authors. Aggregate published by John Wiley & Sons Australia, Ltd on behalf of South China University of Technology and AIE Institute.

Keywords

  • activity-based
  • aggregation-induced emission
  • AIEgens
  • bioimaging
  • detection
  • therapeutics

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