Activation of estrogen receptor β reduces blood-brain barrier breakdown following ischemic injury

J. A. Shin, S. J. Yang, S. I. Jeong, H. J. Park, Y. H. Choi, E. M. Park

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

33 Scopus citations

Abstract

Estrogen receptors (ERs) play important roles in estrogen-mediated neuroprotection. However, their effects on blood-brain barrier (BBB) disruption with vasogenic edema after ischemic stroke have not been determined. We evaluated a role for ERβ in the brain without effects in the peripheral reproductive organs for the amelioration of vasogenic edema following ischemic stroke. Transient focal ischemic stroke was induced in ovariectomized female C57BL/6 mice (age 10-11. weeks) that were treated with the ERβ-selective agonist diarylpropionitrile (DPN). BBB breakdown as determined by the extravasation of endogenous immunoglobulin G (IgG), vasogenic edema, and the infarct volume was significantly reduced by DPN compared to vehicle. Protein expressions of endothelial tight junction proteins (occludin and claudin-5) and the water channel protein aquaporin 4 in the ischemic cortex were not changed by DPN. However, protein levels of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and hypoxia-inducible factor 1α (HIF-1α), a transcription factor that increases VEGF expression, were significantly decreased in the ischemic cortex by DPN. These results suggest that ERβ contributes to the reduction of vasogenic edema caused by BBB breakdown via the inhibition of HIF-1α and VEGF following ischemic stroke.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)165-173
Number of pages9
JournalNeuroscience
Volume235
DOIs
StatePublished - 3 Apr 2013

Keywords

  • Blood-brain barrier disruption
  • Estrogen receptor β
  • Hypoxia-inducible factor 1α
  • Ischemic stroke
  • Vascular endothelial growth factor
  • Vasogenic edema

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