Aberrant DNA methylation in the IFITM1 promoter enhances the metastatic phenotype in an intraperitoneal xenograft model of human ovarian cancer

Nam Hee Kim, Hye Youn Sung, Eun Nam Choi, Dahyun Lyu, Hyuck Jae Choi, Woong Ju, Jung Hyuck Ahn

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

19 Scopus citations

Abstract

A lack of reliable biomarkers for the early detection and risk of metastatic recurrences makes ovarian cancer the most lethal gynecological cancer. To understand the molecular mechanisms involved in ovarian cancer metastasis in vivo, we analyzed the transcriptional expression pattern in metastatic implants of human ovarian carcinoma xenografts in mice. The expression of 937 genes was significantly different, by at least 2-fold, in the xenografts compared with that in SK-OV-3 cells. We investigated the mechanisms that regulate the expression of one of the profoundly upregulated genes, interferon-induced transmembrane protein 1 (IFITM1), in the metastatic implants. Specific CpG sites within the IFITM1 promoter were hypomethylated in the metastatic implants relative to those in the wild-type SK-OV-3 cells. Treating wild-type SK-OV-3 cells with the demethylating agent 5-aza-2'-deoxycytidine enhanced IFITM1 expression in a dose-dependent manner, implying transcriptional regulation by promoter methylation. We also found that IFITM1 overexpression caused increased migration and invasiveness in SK-OV-3 cells. Our results demonstrate that IFITM1 could be a novel metastasis-promoting gene that enhances the metastatic phenotype in ovarian cancer via epigenetic transcriptional regulation. Our findings also suggest that the status of DNA methylation within the IFITM1 promoter region could be a biomarker indicating metastatic progression in ovarian cancer.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2139-2146
Number of pages8
JournalOncology Reports
Volume31
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - May 2014

Keywords

  • DNA methylation
  • IFITM1
  • Metastasis
  • Mouse xenograft
  • Ovarian cancer

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