A toenail flap based on the fibro-osseous hiatus branch for fingernail reconstruction

Sae H. Ki, Kun Hwang, Dong H. Kim, Sejin Hwang, Seung H. Han

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Scopus citations


This study included two parts: 1) cadaver dissection to elucidate the perfusion of toenail flaps by the fibro-osseous hiatus branch (FHB), and 2) clinical application of the toenail flap for reconstruction of a fingernail defect. Four second toes of two fresh Korean cadavers were dissected. The plantar digital artery (PDA) and terminal segment branch (TSB) were ligated, and red latex was injected distally into the ligated PDA. Perfusion of the dye into the toenail bed through the FHB was observed. From Oct 2004 to Sep 2009, eight toenail flaps based on the FHB pedicle with or without the distal phalanx and pulp were applied to seven patients for finger nail reconstruction. The toenail flap was marked at 5 mm distal to the nail fold and 5 mm lateral to the paronychium. The toenail complex based on the FHB was elevated and transferred to the finger. The nail and matrix were elevated with or without including the distal phalanx. The results of perfusion study showed that one side of the unilateral FHB was identified and traced proximal to the PDA, which was ligated. The distal toenail bed was perfused by the dye through the FHB. In clinical application, all the toenail flaps flourished and survived. We suggest that the toenail flap based on the FHB may be useful for fingernail reconstruction with minimal donor morbidity.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)371-375
Number of pages5
Issue number5
StatePublished - Jul 2011


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