A systematic review and meta-analysis of angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor use and psoriasis incidence

Gonjin Song, Ji Yea Kim, Ha Young Yoon, Jeong Yee, Hye Sun Gwak

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1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Although a considerable volume of data supporting induction or aggravation of psoriasis because of angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitor use exists, it remains insufficient for definitive conclusions. Therefore, we aimed to evaluate the association between ACE inhibitor use and psoriasis incidence through a systematic literature review and meta-analysis. We searched for qualifying studies across PubMed, Web of Science, and Embase. Odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were calculated to evaluate the strength of the association between ACE inhibitor use and psoriasis incidence. Eight studies with a total of 54,509 patients with a psoriasis diagnosis were included in this meta-analysis. The pooled OR for psoriasis incidence among ACE inhibitor users was 1.52 (95% CI, 1.16–2.00) compared to that among non-users. From subgroup analysis by continent, the OR for ACE inhibitor users versus non-users was 2.37 (95% CI 1.28–4.37) in Asia. Per the subgroup analysis by climate, the OR for ACE inhibitor users vs non-users in dry climate was 3.45 (95% CI: 2.05–5.79) vs 1.32 (95% CI 1.01–1.73) in temperate climate. Our results reveal a significant association between ACE inhibitor use and psoriasis incidence.

Original languageEnglish
Article number10037
JournalScientific Reports
Volume11
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2021

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