A survey study of compliance with mask-wearing to prevent coronavirus infections among korean adults

Nayeon Shin, Kyungmi Lee, Younhee Kang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations


Purpose: The purpose of this study was to determine the actual situation of mask wearing by adults in the early stages of the coronavirus epidemic and to identify factors that influence the transition to mask wearing and establish a management plan for more effective infectious disease prevention. Methods: This study was a multinational study conducted in ten countries. Data collected in Korea were analyzed. Adults over the age of 18 in the Seoul and Gyeonggi areas were targeted, and data for 657 adults were analyzed. Results: The average score for mask-wearing compliance was 16.25, ranging from 0 to 24. There was a significant positive correlation between anxiety and depression, as well as anxiety and mask-wearing compliance. There was a significant negative correlation between depression and mask-wearing compliance. Multiple linear regression revealed that mask-wearing compliance was predicted by levels of the anxiety, depression, and education. These explanatory variables explaining the dependent variable mask-wearing compliance was 12%. Conclusion: To identify and improve factors influencing mask-wearing compliance, general characteristics including educational background of participants were identified. Psychosocial factors such as anxiety and depression should also be considered. In addition, as the level of anxiety and depression will differ for each person, differentiated interventions according to psychological state should be provided.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)275-285
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of the Korean Academy of Fundamentals of Nursing
Issue number3
StatePublished - Aug 2021

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© Journal of Cognition 2021.


  • Compliance
  • Coronavirus
  • Masks


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