A study on correlation between anxiety symptoms and suicidal ideation

Hee Yeon Choi, Soo In Kim, Kyu Wol Yun, Young Chul Kim, Weon Jeong Lim, Eui Jung Kim, Jae Hong Ryoo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

15 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective In South Korea, the number of deaths from suicide has increased in the last two decades, and suicide has become both a social and political problem. In this study, after controlling the variables influencing suicidal ideation, it was expected that it would be determined if anxiety symptoms are independently related to suicidal ideation. Methods Data were obtained from 327 psychiatric outpatients accomplished a self-reported questionnaire that included sociodemographic characteristics and clinical variables as well as self-rating scales for measuring the severity of one's anxiety, depression, and suicidal ideation. Logistic-regression analyses were used to determine the correlation between anxiety symptoms and significant suicidal ideation, adjusting for covariates. Results The patients with significant suicidal ideation were shown to be less educated, unemployed, never married, divorced, or separated by death, or living alone, and were shown to have a lower income, a drinking habit, a higher number of past suicide attempts, and more family members who committed suicide, than the patients without significant suicidal ideation. After adjusting the covariates influencing significant suicidal ideation, anxiety symptoms were associated with significant suicidal ideation. However, after adjusting for depressive symptoms, only the trait anxiety was associated with significant suicidal ideation. Conclusion These findings suggest that anxiety symptoms are an independent risk factor for suicidal ideation. Clinicians may thus use anxiety symptoms for the screening examination when evaluating suicidal ideation and risk, and will have to actively evaluate and treat the anxiety symptoms of patients with suicidal tendencies.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)320-326
Number of pages7
JournalPsychiatry Investigation
Volume8
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2011

Keywords

  • Anxiety
  • Correlates
  • Suicidal ideation

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