A self-powered insulin patch pump with a superabsorbent polymer as a biodegradable battery substitute

Jiaying Shao, King Ho Holden Li, Ahjeong Son, Beelee Chua

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations


Highly popular insulin patch pumps have in-built non-removable batteries. These batteries are routinely disposed of together with the used pumps as medical waste and end up in landfills. This is an environmental contamination conundrum by design. To address this issue, we proposed a self-powered patch pump that uses a biodegradable superabsorbent polymer (SAP) instead of a battery as a power source to drive the infusion. Continuous infusion rates from 6.1 µL min-1to 49.1 µL min-1were achieved. Together with valve throttling, basal and bolus infusion rates of ~10 µL h-1(1 U h-1) and 100 µL (10 U) in ~11 min could also be implemented for glycemic control. The generated pressure at ~0.7 psi is also adequate for infusion as it exceeded an adult's maximum peripheral venous pressure of 0.6 psi. Given the current number of patch pump users, the proposed design could prevent ~100?000 used batteries from entering the medical waste stream and landfill daily. Most importantly, this work highlights the possibility of addressing environmental contamination without compromising on healthcare standards by using SAP as an alternative means of energy storage.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4210-4220
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Materials Chemistry B
Issue number19
StatePublished - 21 May 2020

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This work was supported by the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF-2019R1F1A1058562 and NRF-2019R1A2C2084233).

Publisher Copyright:
© The Royal Society of Chemistry 2020.


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