A Rorschach Assessment of Children's Mutuality of Autonomy

Richard M. Ryan, Rachel R. Avery, Wendy S. Grolnick

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

44 Scopus citations


Explored the construct validity of the Mutuality of Autonomy Scale (Urist. 1977), which assesses the developmental level of object relations based upon Rorschach percepts, within a nonclinical child population. Mutuality of Autonomy was found to be related to teacher ratings of interpersonal functioning in the classroom, and to academic grades but not to either standardized achievement or intelligence. In addition, the Mutuality of Autonomy Scale demonstrated predicted correlations with children's perceived control. Children with developmentally lower object relations scores were more likely to perceive “powerful others” or “unknown” sources as controlling outcomes, particularly within the social domain. The results are discussed in terms of the utility of the Mutuality of Autonomy Scale, and the significance of object relations for personality functioning.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)6-12
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Personality Assessment
Issue number1
StatePublished - 1 Feb 1985


Dive into the research topics of 'A Rorschach Assessment of Children's Mutuality of Autonomy'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this