A review of fermented foods with beneficial effects on brain and cognitive function

Binna Kim, Veronica Minsu Hong, Jeongwon Yang, Heejung Hyun, Jooyeon Jamie Im, Jaeuk Hwang, Sujung Yoon, Jieun E. Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

50 Scopus citations

Abstract

Around the world, fermentation of foods has been adopted over many generations, primarily due to their commercial significance with enriched flavors and high-profile nutrients. The increasing application of fermented foods is further promoted by recent evidence on their health benefits, beyond the traditionally recognized effects on the digestive system. With recent advances in the understanding of gut-brain interactions, there have also been reports suggesting the fermented food's efficacy, particularly for cognitive function improvements. These results are strengthened by the proposed biological effects of fermented foods, including neuroprotection against neurotoxicity and reactive oxygen species. This paper reviews the beneficial health effects of fermented foods with particular emphasis on cognitive enhancement and neuroprotective effects. With an extensive review of fermented foods and their potential cognitive benefits, this paper may promote commercially feasible applications of fermented foods as natural remedies to cognitive problems.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)297-309
Number of pages13
JournalPreventive Nutrition and Food Science
Volume21
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2016

Keywords

  • Cognition
  • Fermentation
  • Functional food
  • Gut-brain axis
  • Neuroprotection

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