The Proactive network Provider Participation for the P2P (P4P) architecture deploys central servers, which perceives network status and provides peering suggestions to P2P systems in order to achieve better network resource utilization while supporting best possible application performance. However, P4P alone may not be able to make appropriate peering suggestions for live multimedia streaming since it does not include mechanisms to reflect some of the parameters that are important to the QoS of live multimedia streaming such as upload bandwidth and stability of a peer as a stream deliverer. Furthermore, peer synchronization and parent replacement in the middle of a session, which are critical issues to the QoS of live multimedia streaming, are also left as the matters to be dealt with by the P2P systems alone. Most of the existing data-driven P2P systems leverage periodic information exchanges among neighboring peers in order to cope with these problems, which may incur long delay and high control overhead. In this paper, we proposed P4P-integrated data-driven P2P system for live multimedia streaming service. The proposed system includes not only the peering suggestion mechanism appropriate for live multimedia streaming but also the peer synchronization and parent replacement mechanisms, which exploit the centralized P4P framework and do not require periodic control information exchanges. We implemented the system in NS-2 simulator and compared its performance to the P4P and existing data-driven P2P systems. The results from experiments show that the proposed system enhances QoS compared to the existing data-driven P2P systems while maintaining the same level of network efficiency of the original P4P.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
The work was supported by the Korea Science and Engineering Foundation (KOSEF) Grant funded by the Korea government (MEST) (No. 2010-0000269 ) and by the Ewha Global Top 5 Grant 2012 of Ewha Womans University.
- Live multimedia streaming
- P4P architecture
- Peer synchronization
- Peer-to-peer overlay