A novel method for hyperacuity measurement

Jin Ha Kim, Key Hwan Lim, Yun Taek Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Purpose: We developed a novel method for measurement of hyperacuity and verified the utility thereof. Methods: We developed a three-dimensional (3D) hyperacuity test using a 3D liquid crystal flat screen, a left- and right-image polarized display, and liquid crystal shutter glasses. We tested the technique in three groups: normal (n = 48), with cataracts (n = 14), and with macular disease (n = 35). We used a chart consisting of five dots and a reference line. Of the five dots, one was variably shifted from the other dots. A chart was presented to one eye and the reference line or blank image to the other eye; a subject scored positive when the dot in the unusual position was recognized. Results: Hyperacuity was measured in terms of the reference line seen by the reference eye (RR), a blank image seen by the reference eye (RB), the reference line seen by the contralateral eye (CR), and a blank image seen by the contralateral eye (CB). All test scores were significantly lower when the reference line was seen than not (RR vs. RB and CR vs. CB; p < 0.01, respectively). For the RR and CR tests, no significant difference was apparent between the normal and cataracts group (p = 0.553, p = 0.494) but such differences were evident between the normal and macular disease groups (p = 0.028, p = 0.002). Also, visualization of the reference line by the reference and contralateral eyes did not differ (p > 0.05). Conclusions: Measurement of hyperacuity using our new method was not affected by media opacity but was significantly affected by macular disease. Presentation of a reference line facilitated hyperacuity assessment.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)175-182
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Korean Ophthalmological Society
Issue number2
StatePublished - 2020

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2020 The Korean Ophthalmological Society


  • 3-Dimensional hyperacuity test
  • Hyperacuity
  • Vernier acuity


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