A novel function of karyopherin β3 associated with apolipoprotein A-I secretion

Kyung Min Chung, Sun Shin Cha, Sung Key Jang

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12 Scopus citations


Human karyopherin β3, highly homologous to a yeast protein secretion enhancer (PSE1), has often been reported to be associated with a mediator of a nucleocytoplasmic transport pathway. Previously, we showed that karyopherin β3 complemented the PSE1 and KAP123 double mutant. Our research suggested that karyopherin β3 has an evolutionary function similar to that of yeast PSE1 and/or KAP 123. In this study, we performed yeast two-hybrid screening to find a protein which would interact with karyopherin β3 and identified apolipoprotein A-I (apo A-I), a secretion protein with a primary function in cholesterol transport. By using in vitro binding assay, co-immunoprecipitation, and colocalization studies, we defined an interaction between karyopherin β3 and apo A-I. In addition, overexpression of karyopherin β3 significantly increased apo A-I secretion. These results suggest that karyopherin β3 plays a crucial role in apo A-I secretion. These findings may be relevant to the study of a novel function of karyopherin β3 and coronary artery diseases associated with apo A-I.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)291-298
Number of pages8
JournalMolecules and Cells
Issue number3
StatePublished - 30 Sep 2008


  • Apolipoprotein A-1
  • Coronary artery diseases
  • Karyopherin β3
  • PSE1
  • Secretion enhancer


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