Background: To ensure valid results of big data research in the medical field, the input laboratory results need to be of high quality. We aimed to establish a strategy for evaluating the quality of laboratory results suitable for big data research. Methods: We used Korean Association of External Quality Assessment Service (KEQAS) data to retrospectively review multicenter data. Seven measurands were analyzed using commutable materials: HbA1c, creatinine (Cr), total cholesterol (TC), triglyceride (TG), alpha-fetoprotein (AFP), prostate-specific antigen (PSA), and cardiac troponin I (cTnI). These were classified into three groups based on their standardization or harmonization status. HbA1c, Cr, TC, TG, and AFP were analyzed with respect to peer group values. PSA and cTnI were analyzed in separate peer groups according to the calibrator type and manufacturer, respectively. The acceptance rate and absolute percentage bias at the medical decision level were calculated based on biological variation criteria. Results: The acceptance rate (22.5%-100%) varied greatly among the test items, and the mean percentage biases were 0.6%-5.6%, 1.0%-9.6%, and 1.6%-11.3% for all items that satisfied optimum, desirable, and minimum criteria, respectively. Conclusions: The acceptance rate of participants and their external quality assessment (EQA) results exhibited statistically significant differences according to the quality grade for each criterion. Even when they passed the EQA standards, the test results did not guarantee the quality requirements for big data. We suggest that the KEQAS classification can serve as a guide for building big data.
Bibliographical notePublisher Copyright:
© 2023 Korean Society for Laboratory Medicine.
- Big data
- Biological variation
- Data quality
- External quality assessment