A multivariate receptor modeling study of air-borne particulate PAHs: Regional contributions in a roadside environment

Bong Mann Kim, Seung Bok Lee, Jin Young Kim, Sunwha Kim, Jihoon Seo, Gwi Nam Bae, Ji Yi Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

17 Scopus citations

Abstract

Understanding the geographic source contributions by particulate polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) is important for the Korean peninsula due to its downwind location from source areas. Regional influence of particulate PAHs was previously identified using diagnostic ratios applied to mobile source dominated roadside sampling data (Kim et al., 2012b). However, no study has yet been conducted to quantify the regional source contributions. We applied a multivariate receptor modeling tool to identify and quantify the regional source contributions to particulate PAHs in Seoul. Sampling of roadside particulate PAHs was conducted in Seoul, Korea for four years between May 2005 and April 2009, and data analysis was performed with a new multivariate receptor model, Solver for Mixture Problem (SMP). The SMP model identified two sources, local mobile source and transported regional source, and quantified their source contributions. Analysis of the particulate PAHs data reveals three types of episodic periods: a high regional source contribution period with one case, a high mobile source contribution period with three cases, and a normal contribution period with eight cases. Four-year average particulate PAHs source contributions from the two sources are 4.6 ng m-3 and 10.7 ng m-3 for regional and mobile sources, respectively and equivalent to 30% and 70% of the total estimated contribution from each of these sources.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1270-1279
Number of pages10
JournalChemosphere
Volume144
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Feb 2016

Keywords

  • Motor vehicle exhaust
  • Regional source
  • Roadside PAHs
  • SMP multivariate model
  • Source apportionment

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