A multicenter, randomized clinical trial to assess the efficacy of a therapeutic intervention program for caregivers of people with dementia

Rayoung Yoo, Jiyoung Yeom, Geon Ha Kim, Hee Kyung Park, Yeonwook Kang, Jihye Hwang, Seong Hye Choi, Hae Ri Na, Soo Jin Cho, Kyung Ho Yu, Do Hoon Kim, Jae Hong Lee, Jee Hyang Jeong

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background and Purpose Caregivers experience tremendous social, financial, physical, and psychological burdens in caring for people with dementia. This study aimed to determine the efficacy of a multicomponent therapeutic intervention program for the caregivers of people with dementia (CGPWD) through a multicenter clinical trial: the intervention programcaregivers of people with dementia study. Methods The 38 caregivers of dementia patients at 8 sites were randomized into 2 groups: treatment (n=19) and control (n=19). The treatment group received the intervention program for 8-10 weeks, including one group session for dementia education and three individual sessions (on cognitive behavioral therapy, coping with stress, and stress management) and single targeted training for daily activities. The Korean version of the Zarit Burden Interview (ZBI-K) and the Geriatric Depression Scale (GDS) were evaluated at pre- and postintervention as primary efficacy measures. Results The treatment group displayed significant improvements in scores on the ZBI-K and GDS. The ZBI-K score at postintervention was significantly reduced in the treatment group compared to that in the control group [6.2-point decrease vs. 3.7-point increase, t(37)=-2.9, p< 0.01]. There was a significant difference in the GDS score between the treatment and control groups [2.2-point decrease vs. 1.3-point increase, t(18)=2.5, p<0.05]. Conclusions The findings of this study imply that a multicomponent therapeutic intervention program is effective in reducing the burden experienced by and depression among CGPWD. Further research is warranted to investigate the long-term effects of the intervention program for CGPWD.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)235-242
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Clinical Neurology (Korea)
Volume15
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 2019

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This research was supported by a grant of the Korea Health Technology R&D Project through the Korea Health Industry Development Institute (KHIDI), funded by the Ministry of Health & Welfare, Republic of Korea (grant number: HI18C0460, HI18C0479).

Funding Information:
This research was also supported by the Original Technology Research Program for Brain Science through the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF) funded by the Korean government (Ministry of Science and ICT) (NRF-2014M3C7A1064752, NRF-2018M3C7A1057140).

Publisher Copyright:
© 2019 Korean Neurological Association.

Keywords

  • Caregivers
  • Cognitive behavior therapy
  • Dementia
  • Intervention

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