A mononuclear nonheme iron(iii)-peroxo complex binding redox-inactive metal ions

Yong Min Lee, Suhee Bang, Yun Mi Kim, Jaeheung Cho, Seungwoo Hong, Takashi Nomura, Takashi Ogura, Oliver Troeppner, Ivana Ivanović-Burmazović, Ritimukta Sarangi, Shunichi Fukuzumi, Wonwoo Nam

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

70 Scopus citations


Redox-inactive metal ions that function as Lewis acids play pivotal roles in modulating reactivities of oxygen-containing metal complexes in a variety of biological and biomimetic reactions, including dioxygen activation/formation and functionalization of organic substrates. Mononuclear nonheme iron(iii)-peroxo species are invoked as active oxygen intermediates in the catalytic cycles of dioxygen activation by nonheme iron enzymes and their biomimetic compounds. Here, we report mononuclear nonheme iron(iii)-peroxo complexes binding redox-inactive metal ions, [(TMC)FeIII(O2)] +-M3+ (M3+ = Sc3+ and Y 3+; TMC = 1,4,8,11-tetramethyl-1,4,8,11-tetraazacyclotetradecane), which are characterized spectroscopically as a 'side-on' iron(iii)-peroxo complex binding a redox-inactive metal ion, (TMC)FeIII-(μ, η22-O2)-M3+ (2-M). While an iron(iii)-peroxo complex, [(TMC)FeIII(O2)]+, does not react with electron donors (e.g., ferrocene), one-electron reduction of the iron(iii)-peroxo complexes binding redox-inactive metal ions occurs readily upon addition of electron donors, resulting in the generation of an iron(iv)-oxo complex, [(TMC)FeIV(O)]2+ (4), via heterolytic O-O bond cleavage of the peroxide ligand. The rates of the conversion of 2-M to 4 are found to depend on the Lewis acidity of the redox-inactive metal ions and the oxidation potential of the electron donors. We have also determined the fundamental electron-transfer properties of 2-M, such as the reduction potential and the reorganization energy in electron-transfer reaction. Based on the results presented herein, we have proposed a mechanism for the reactions of 2-M and electron donors; the reduction of 2-M to the reduced species, (TMC)FeII-(O2)-M3+ (2′-M), is the rate-determining step, followed by heterolytic O-O bond cleavage of the reduced species to form 4. The present results provide a biomimetic example demonstrating that redox-inactive metal ions bound to an iron(iii)-peroxo intermediate play a significant role in activating the peroxide O-O bond to form a high-valent iron(iv)-oxo species.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3917-3923
Number of pages7
JournalChemical Science
Issue number10
StatePublished - Oct 2013


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