Metal-oxygen complexes, such as metal-oxo [M(O2-)], -hydroxo [M(OH-)], -peroxo [M(O22-)], -hydroperoxo [M(OOH-)], and -superoxo [M(O2•-)] species, are capable of conducting oxygen atom transfer (OAT) reactions with organic substrates, such as thioanisole (PhSMe) and triphenylphosphine (Ph3P). However, OAT of metal-aqua complexes, [M(OH2)]n+, has yet to be reported. We report herein OAT of a mononuclear non-heme Mn(III)-aqua complex, [(dpaq)MnIII(OH2)]2+ (1, dpaq = 2-[bis(pyridin-2-ylmethyl)]amino-N-quinolin-8-yl-acetamidate), to PhSMe and Ph3P derivatives for the first time; it is noted that no OAT occurs from the corresponding Mn(III)-hydroxo complex, [(dpaq)MnIII(OH)]+ (2), to the substrates. Mechanistic studies reveal that OAT reaction of 1 occurs via electron transfer from 4-methoxythioanisole to 1 to produce the 4-methoxythioanisole radical cation and [(dpaq)MnII(OH2)]+, followed by nucleophilic attack of H2O in [(dpaq)MnII(OH2)]+ to the 4-methoxythioanisole radical cation to produce an OH adduct radical, 2,4-(MeO)2C6H3S•(OH)Me, which disproportionates or undergoes electron transfer to 1 to yield methyl 4-methoxyphenyl sulfoxide. Formation of the thioanisole radical cation derivatives is detected by the stopped-flow transient absorption measurements in OAT from 1 to 2,4-dimethoxythioanisole and 3,4-dimethoxythioanisole, being compared with that in the photoinduced electron transfer oxidation of PhSMe derivatives, which are detected by laser-induced transient absorption measurements. Similarly, OAT from 1 to Ph3P occurs via electron transfer from Ph3P to 1, and the proton effect on the reaction rate has been discussed. The rate constants of electron transfer from electron donors, including PhSMe and Ph3P derivatives, to 1 are fitted well by the electron transfer driving force dependence of the rate constants predicted by the Marcus theory of outer-sphere electron transfer.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This work was supported by the NRF of Korea through CRI (NRF-2012R1A3A2048842 to W.N.) and Basic Science Research Program (NRF-2020R1I1A1A01074630 to Y.-M.L.). This work was also supported by Grants-in-Aid (No. 16H02268 to S.F.) from MEXT, Japan and China Scholarship Council (CSC201608360192 to H.-B.Z.).