A mononuclear non-heme iron(III)-peroxo complex, [Fe(III)(O2)(13-TMC)]+ (1), was synthesized and characterized spectroscopically; the characterization with electron paramagnetic resonance, Mössbauer, X-ray absorption, and resonance Raman spectroscopies and mass spectrometry supported a high-spin S = 5/2 Fe(III) species binding an O2 unit. A notable observation was an unusually high νO-O at ∼1000 cm-1 for the peroxo ligand. With regard to reactivity, 1 showed electrophilic reactivity in H atom abstraction (HAA) and O atom transfer (OAT) reactions. In the HAT reaction, a kinetic isotope effect (KIE) value of 5.8 was obtained in the oxidation of 9,10-dihydroanthracene. In the OAT reaction, a negative ρ value of -0.61 in the Hammett plot was determined in the oxidation of p-X-substituted thioanisoles. Another interesting observation was the electrophilic reactivity of 1 in the oxidation of benzaldehyde derivatives, such as a negative ρ value of -0.77 in the Hammett plot and a KIE value of 2.2. To the best of our knowledge, the present study reports the first example of a mononuclear non-heme iron(III)-peroxo complex with an unusually high νO-O value and unprecedented electrophilic reactivity in oxidation reactions.