A mathematical model was developed to estimate nitrate release from ocher pellets in benthic sediment. Ocher pellets, called "limnomedicine," consisting of ocher and calcium nitrate were used to suppress phosphorus release from contaminated sediment under anaerobic conditions. The proposed model represents the fate and transport of nitrate released from the pellets, in both the water column and the sediment. Most of the nitrate (83.6%) released from the pellets was consumed in the degradation of organic matter and FeS in the sediment over a period of 12 days. While an increase in pellet dosage helps to accelerate the sediment treatment rate, it also has the effect of increasing the mass of nitrate that diffuses into the water column. Quantitative analysis of these effects using the proposed mathematical model makes it possible to determine the proper pellet dosage based on sediment conditions such as organic matter content.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
The study presented herein was partially supported by a Korean Science and Engineering Foundation Grant (R01-2001-00436).
- Benthic sediment
- In situ sediment treatment
- Lake eutrophication
- Phosphorus release
- Sediment model