A Longitudinal Study on Memory Enhancement in Subjective Cognitive Decline Patients: Clinical and Neuroimaging Perspectives

Seunghee Na, Chonghwee Lee, Seong Hee Ho, Yun Jeong Hong, Jee Hyang Jeong, Kee Hyung Park, Sang Yun Kim, Min Jeong Wang, Seong Hye Choi, Seung Hyun Han, Seung Wan Kang, Sungmin Kang, Dong Won Yang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Background: Subjective cognitive decline (SCD) refers to the self-reported persistent cognitive decline despite normal objective testing, increasing the risk of dementia compared to cognitively normal individuals. Objective: This study aims to investigate the attributes of SCD patients who demonstrated memory function improvement. Methods: In this prospective study of SCD, a total of 120 subjects were enrolled as part of a multicenter cohort study aimed at identifying predictors for the clinical progression to mild cognitive impairment or dementia (CoSCo study). All subjects underwent 18F-florbetaben PET and brain MRI scans at baseline and annual neuropsychological tests. At the 24-month follow-up, we classified SCD patients based on changes in memory function, the z-score of the Seoul verbal learning test delayed recall. Results: Of the 120 enrolled patients, 107 successfully completed the 24-month follow-up assessment. Among these, 80 patients (74.8%) with SCD exhibited memory function improvements. SCD patients with improved memory function had a lower prevalence of coronary artery disease at baseline and performed better in the trail-making test part B compared to those without improvement. Anatomical and biomarker analysis showed a lower frequency of amyloid PET positivity and larger volumes in the left and right superior parietal lobes in subjects with improved memory function. Conclusions: Our prospective study indicates that SCD patients experiencing memory improvement over a 24-month period had a lower amyloid burden, fewer cardiovascular risk factors, and superior executive cognitive function. Identifying these key factors associated with cognitive improvement may assist clinicians in predicting future memory function improvements in SCD patients.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)193-204
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Alzheimer's Disease
Issue number1
StatePublished - 2 Jan 2024

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  • Alzheimer's disease
  • cohort study
  • improvement
  • memory
  • subject cognitive decline


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