A hydrodynamic modeling study to determine the optimum water intake location in Lake Paldang, Korea

Hye Na Eun, Soon Park Seok

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

20 Scopus citations


A three-dimensional hydrodynamic model was applied to Lake Paldang, South Korea. The lake has three inflows, of which Kyoungan Stream has the smallest flow rate and poorest water quality. Since all drinking water intake stations are located near the confluence of Kyoungan Stream within the lake, this contaminated tributary may have a significant impact on the quality of drinking water sources. The optimum drinking water intake location was determined from the applied model. The model was calibrated and verified using the data measured under different hydrological conditions. The model results were in reasonable agreement with the field measurements in both calibration and verification. The circulation and spreading patterns of the incoming flows in the lake, as well as their composition ratios to the drinking water intakes were determined from the model, and three alternative intake locations were proposed. The simulation results suggested that the horizontal and vertical relocations of the intake aqueduct could significantly decrease the composition ratio of the contaminated water. From this study, it was concluded that the three-dimensional hydrodynamic model could successfully simulate the temporal and spatial mixing patterns of incoming flows and become a useful tool in determining the optimum water intake location in Lake Paldang. (JAWRA) (

Original languageEnglish
Article number04104
Pages (from-to)1315-1332
Number of pages18
JournalJournal of the American Water Resources Association
Issue number6
StatePublished - Dec 2005


  • Circulation pattern
  • Hydrodynamic
  • Intake optimization
  • Lake
  • Model
  • Water supply


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