A highly efficient luminescent solar concentrator (LSC) composed of a nanosized metal-cluster as a molecular luminophore copolymerized with poly(methyl methacrylate) (PMMA) was fabricated through a simple solution process. Organic-inorganic salts such as (dMDAEMA)2[Mo6Cl14] and (dMDAEMA)2[Mo6I14] (where dMDAEMA is 2-(methacryloyloxy)ethyl dimethyldodecylammonium) were copolymerized with PMMA to generate a highly effective, transparent, and robust LSC waveguide. This hybrid luminophore enabled the development of a highly efficient UV-vis sunlight harvesting device due to strong absorption at UV-vis wavelengths up to ∼500 nm and a large downshift of luminescence at near-infrared wavelengths (∼850 nm). Si photovoltaic cells were placed at the edge of the LSC waveguide plate to collect the concentrated luminescence by internal reflection. LSCs fabricated with a 2.0 × 2.0 × 0.3 mm3 size had the highest observed power conversion efficiency (PCE) of 1.24% and a transparency of ∼85%, which were much higher than those of LSCs made from other luminophores with the same Si photovoltaic cell. Our LSC with chemical/physical durability, robustness, and solution processability for any desirable plate size and thickness suggests a practical future direction for smart windows of urban buildings where traditional Si photovoltaic cells cannot be directly employed.
|Number of pages||9|
|Journal||Journal of Materials Chemistry C|
|State||Published - 18 Feb 2022|